Thermal insulation

Thermal insulation

keep the heat at home

Thermal insulation is the reduction of energy used to heat buildings. There are many ways and possibilities to save the energy. However, the most important way is to insulate a building properly. This can be done with many different materials such as foam, adhesives, foamed polystyrene or mineral wool.

Thermal insulation requires the expenditure of large sums of money, nevertheless the cost savings are immediate. The only disadvantage is the fact, that the expenditure is paid back after a few years.

Modernisation works include: insulation of ceilings, external walls, floors, exchange of windows and heating system, and renewal of a ventilation system. Due to thermal insulation of buildings the costs of heating are significantly decreased. Heat loss is the problem of old buildings, usually improperly designed or constructed. The loss is typical for the buildings dating back to 1960s and 1970s. In consequence, thermal insulation was applied both to prefab concrete block of flats and detached houses. Appropriate thermal insulation reduces heating bills in houses and flats.

Modern houses are totally energy efficient. They are properly insulated, have suitable ventilation systems with heat recovery. Most of detached houses are masonry buildings with suitable energy saving wall barriers , properly insulated with mineral wool or foamed polystyrene.

Foamed polystyrene, stone or fibreglass wool. Mineral wool is known as an excellent heat insulator and sound absorber, it is fire resistant, non-absorbent. It can be used to insulate walls, attics, flat roofs. Mineral wool comes in various slab sizes and with different thickness, and is available in three types: soft, medium soft and hard.

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Construction of houses


your story begins here

Construction of houses

Below we present an overview of all the stages of construction which your house goes through after having obtained all the necessary permissions.

Pre-construction / Base stage

This is the organizational stage – the site where the construction is to take place is prepared. Base stage means that the site is fenced and the slab of the structure is established. This is the stage when foundation works and installation of the drainage system are performed. If your project includes basement, its floors, walls and ceilings will be constructed at this stage.

At this moment a surveyor together with the investor mark the site borders and set out the slab. It is also the moment when we organize the delivery of construction materials (hiring trucks etc.)

When this stage is over the works can be interrupted, for example, in case of adverse weather conditions – however, it is essential to leave the site properly protected.

Frame stage

The frame stage means that our dream house has the walls, chimneys, stairs, roof truss and roof covering. There are no windows, doors or partition walls. Sometimes, in order to prevent dampness, during this stage, roof windows and gutters are fixed.

At this stage we work mainly with bricklayers, but also with carpenters and roofers, whose aim is to erect the house frame and build the walls. While working on the frame stage we use construction props, planks or a concrete pump.

The frame stage is the best stage to interrupt the works. Then, all the windows and doors are covered with wooden board or foil.

Enclosed stage

The enclosed stage means that all the woodworks are completed – windows, doors and glazing are fixed. It means that the house is protected against adverse weather conditions, and only finishing works are left to be performed. During this stage partition walls are erected, the roof is covered, gutters are fixed and roof work is completed.

It is estimated that at the enclosed stage 40-50% of all the works are completed.

Practical completion stage

The practical completion stage is the stage when all the works connected with insulation are completed, all the lines are connected. Additionally, at this stage some of the works regarding the space around the house are performed. The works also include: external wall sheeting, which completely protects against adverse weather conditions, chimney finishing, windowsills, drain pipes, finishing external stairs, fixing rails and external windowsills. The practical completion stage means that walls and attic are insulated, and all the systems, rough ins, connections are installed: plumbing, cold and hot water, heating, electricity, telephone and television.

If you are going to interrupt the works at this stage it is important not to leave the house without insulation. Otherwise the vapour barrier (e.g. made of polyethylene foil) whose aim is to protect walls against the weather conditions (especially damp) can be damaged.

Handover stage

This is the final stage of construction. As the name suggests, the building is ready to move into. In Poland the scope of works at this stage is not described authoritatively, and construction companies interpret the term variously. Generally, it is accepted that the handover stage means that all the systems are fitted, the walls are plastered, the fittings (sanitary fixtures) are installed. The stage includes also wall and floor finishing, as well as external and internal woodwork. NB! The handover stage does not mean that the house is furnished and decorated.

The handover stage is the moment when the Construction Inspector is informed about completion of the construction works, which is necessary to obtain a permission to use the building.

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  • Scaffolding

    We offer rental of Plettac Kombi SL 70 / SL 100 scaffolding. It is an economic frame scaffolding system suitable for universal purposes. The scaffolding has proved itself in many different types of works, and it is one of the most commonly used scaffolding systems in Europe.

  • Considerable savings on effort costs

    The universal scaffolding system Plettac kombi SL 70 / SL 100 can be readily and easily erected around different building structures, even if the configuration seems to be difficult. It is possible for one person to assemble the scaffolding over the structure sized from 70 to 250m2 in a day. Due to the combination of speed, comfort of assembly and dismantlement processes you will make savings on the costs of construction.

  • Outstanding efficiency

    Due to the fact that plettac scaffolding system offers a wide range of additional equipment, it is possible to set up the scaffolding around the most complex and irregular structures. The combination of speed, comfort of assembly and dismantlement processes, as well as security and flexibility make SL 70 one of the most efficient scaffolding systems. The scaffolding can be set up with the flexibility of traditional tube scaffoldings, but it offers additional advantages of modern fast-assembly scaffoldings such as cost-efficiency and technical safety.

  • Compliance with European requirements

    Versatile scaffolding plettac Kombi SL 70 / SL 100 complies with the directive EEC HD 1000 and, in consequence, it can be used all over Europe. Versatile scaffolding plettac Kombi SL 70 / SL 100 can be successfully used on every construction site and there is no need to pay for an expensive individual approval. The scaffolding meets the strict requirements of German professional associations and was granted the design type approval by the German Institute for Structural Engineering in Berlin.

  • Faster and easier assembly due to ultralight aluminium scaffolding

    Aluminium version of scaffolding enables faster and easier assembly. It is twice as light as the steel version, which greatly enhances transport and assembly.

  • The main advantages of SL 70 / SL 100 scaffolding are:

    • quick, safe and easy assembly due to the plettac solutions;

    • self-locking swivel pins;

    • choice of aluminium, steel or wood;

    • closed section which results in superior stability;

    • easy assembly of joints;

    • non-slip platform security;

    • optimum adjustment to various constructions due to different length of platforms;

    • long-life hot-galvanized components;

    • convenient transport and storage;

    • With versatile scaffolding Kombi SL 70 / SL 100 it is possible to set up scaffoldings around buildings of various shapes.

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The recommended name shuttering – is a kind of a mould used to shape concrete. It is a temporary construction made of different types of wood or boards (boards can be made of moisture-resistant plywood, chipboard or metal). Shuttering is used to create concrete or reinforced concrete constructions. It can be also used to make prefabricated elements, however, in this case the formwork is usually made of steel or aluminium.

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